Sapphire evokes a flood of emotion. This ethereal beauty revels in the splendour of innumerable unique and hidden traits. They have been valued since antiquity and was much revered by the royalty and the aristocratic families for centuries. Even today, this gorgeous blue beauty attracts women who love flaunting them in earrings, pendants, necklaces, bracelets, rings, engagement rings, eternity rings, bridal set rings,
etc,. Their beauty is sure to induce jewellery-envy and make head turns. Needless to say, sapphire is a gemstone that is overloaded with beauty given its deep blue colour which emanates a captivating glow and a mysterious charm.
September is the lucky month to be associated with such a beauty. The term Sapphire comes from the Greek word “sappheiros” and also the Latin word “saphirus” where both mean blue. The term can also be roughly translated in many languages to mean ‘dear to the planet Saturn’. Sapphire is often thought to be synonymous with blue, given the fact that it is the blue gemstone variety of the corundum mineral. They are the gems of the sky and are available in all blue shades of that massive firmament. Though blue is the classic and traditional colour of sapphire however, this magnificent gem is available in other alluring colors too. The coloured sapphire with the exception of blue, are often referred to as fancy sapphire.
‘AG & Sons’ has loose sapphire gemstones and sapphire jewellery aplenty. Representing love, fidelity and commitment, many people opt for a sapphire engagement ring, sapphire eternity ring and sapphire bridal set ring
. As a dealer of up-to-the-minute trends, we have sapphire rings, sapphire pendants, sapphire necklaces, sapphire bracelets, sapphire earrings
in stylish designs that are not just eye-popping but something you would treasure for years to come.
The History and Lore of Sapphire
As intense as its beauty, sapphire is steeped in history and lore as rich and profound. Valued since 800BC sapphires have been part of numerous beliefs and traditions and have been used for magic, alchemy, healing rituals and even in astrological prophecy. Sapphires’ association with different religion is intriguing. According to the ancient Persians, our earth rests on a giant sapphire, the colour of which is reflected in the blue colour of the sky. The Greek linked sapphire with Apollo whereas the Buddhists considered sapphire to have a calming effect on people. In the Christian religion, sapphires were associated with piety, chastity and repentance.
According to an ancient lore, the tablets upon which Moses’ Ten Commandments were written were made of sapphires. It was so strong that a hammer struck against it would be shattered to pieces. During the 12th century, the sapphire was considered the most ideal stone for ecclesiastical rings. The star sapphire was believed to protect the wearer and guard him against witchcraft. Sir Richard Francis Burton, the great Oriental traveler, owned a large star sapphire which he considered to be his ‘talisman’ as it brought him luck wherever he travelled. According to another legend, Helen of Troy of 12th century B.C. had a large star sapphire which held the key to her desirability.
Kings and Queens of the ancient Greece and Rome were certain that blue sapphires protected their owners from harm and envy. The Arabian kings wore sapphire to protect themselves from physical harm, injury and envy. Even sailors believed that sapphires protected them drowning in the sea. The people of the ancient and the medieval period believed that the heavenly blue Sapphire represented faith and hope and was believed to protect the wearer and bring good fortune and spiritual insight. Sapphire was also used as a test for infidelity as it was believed to change colour if worn by an unfaithful. Hence, the wives of crusaders were tested with sapphires.
The stone improved the strength and overall health of the wearer and was thus believed to aid in healing. The healing power was especially true for the eyes. Apparently in the year 1931, a sapphire was offered to St. Pauls in London to be kept at the Shrine of St. Eskenwald in order to cure eye diseases. Even Charles IV was said to use an oval sapphire for touching the eyes. The stone was long associated with the belief that it removed impurities, dust and other foreign matter from the eyes. It was also believed to be blessed with a magnetic force that attracted all the poisons present in the body.
Above all sapphires is one gemstone that has always been associated with royalty and romance. This association is discernible from the fact that in 1981, Britain’s Prince Charles slipped a blue sapphire engagement ring in Lady Diana Spencer’s finger. After her death, it was inherited by Kate Middleton. The royals wore sapphire because it was believed to attract wealth, ensue harmony between lovers and protect the wearer from infidelity and envy.
Because of the sapphires’ association with romance, romantic love, devotion faithfulness and sincerity, the gemstone is still very much a favored choice for an engagement ring, eternity ring and bridal set ring. Sapphire earrings, rings, bracelets, pendants, necklaces
are also very common because of its sheer beauty and mystical powers.
Formation of Sapphire
Like any other naturally occurring gemstone, sapphires are formed by the myriads of shiftings, mixings and chemical changes that are a constant phenomenon inside the earth. Sapphires are basically formed from the mineral corundum, the second hardest natural mineral after diamond. The corundum is a colourless mineral which is formed from aluminium oxide (Al2o3). The aluminium oxide is the result of volcanic process and the metamorphic processes. When the liquid magma deep inside the earth gradually cools, large crystals of minerals grow. Corundum of the purest and translucent forms are the result of re-crystallization of minerals during the metamorphic process. The process takes place for millions of years.
Though in their pure form the mineral corundum is clear and colourless, mineral impurities may seep into the aluminium oxide during the cooling process of the rock to render it some fabulous colours. Hence, when traces of titanium and iron enter the Al2o3 crystal lattice during the formation process, blue sapphire is born. When chromium and iron enters, the result is a mauve and purple sapphires. A tinge of chromium will yield the pink-orange padparadscha sapphire. It is therefore the presence of small amount of other elements, like iron, chrome, titanium that are responsible for the transformation of a pure white crystal into colours like blue, pink, green, purple etc. However this does not imply that all corundum is a sapphire. Though for centuries there prevailed a debate as to which stone should be called a sapphire, it was eventually agreed that the ruby-red one (coloured by chrome) would be called rubies while all the others will be called ‘sapphires’. Of all the colours, the colour blue is considered the ‘true’ colour of sapphire.
Today, methods have been created to create sapphire synthetically. Discovered in 1902, the method involves the use of alumina powder which is added to oxyhydrogen flame which produces a deposit known as boule. To create sapphires of different hues, a variety of chemicals are added. The method has opened the doors for the usage of sapphire as they are not merely used in jewelleries but also for other technological purposes.
The blue sapphire is today, the soul of the sapphire family. It has graced the jewelries of the royals since the ancient times and today, it emanates the spirit of royalness in the contemporary jewelries like rings, earrings, necklaces, pendants, bracelets, engagement rings, eternity rings etc.
Sources of Sapphire
Sapphire is found only in a few locations around the world. Kashmir, Sri Lanka and Burma are the three regions famous for its blue sapphire. Sapphires are also sourced from Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam. Madagascar was once a leading producer of sapphire though Sri Lanka is considered to be the most steady producer of quality blue sapphire. Other important sapphire sources are Tanzania, Australia, China, Brazil etc.
Though sapphire’s availability is limited to few regions yet, their demand is always high. Sapphire earrings, sapphire rings, sapphire bracelets, sapphire necklaces, sapphire pendants, sapphire engagement rings, sapphire eternity rings and sapphire bridal set rings
are very much desirable amongst women who love coloured gemstones.
Sapphire Color and Properties
Sapphires beauty lies in its colour and in its richness and intensity. As mentioned already, sapphire is synonymous with the colour blue. The intensity of the colour blue is the most important factor. While blue is the most desirable colour in the sapphire, the ‘cornflower blue’ is the most desirable shade of blue. It is not too light nor too dark. Sapphires that are too light or too dark are less valuable.
The world of sapphire goes much beyond the mere blue colour as it occurs in other equally beautiful colours like orange, yellow, green, purple, pink, orange and a host of others with the exception of red which falls under the name-ruby. The non-blue sapphires are usually termed as the ‘fancy sapphires’. They are much more affordable than the blue sapphires and also pose as beautiful alternatives to the traditional blue. The padparadscha sapphires and the pink sapphires are two of the most valuable of the fancy sapphires. They are the only two varieties of fancy sapphire with a name of its own and can be expensive too.
A 9, on the Mohs scale of hardness, it is second hardest natural mineral, second only to diamond. This feature makes sapphire a perfect choice for jewellery that needs to be worn on a daily basis, such as earrings, pendants, necklaces, bracelets, rings, engagement rings, eternity rings
etc,. Sapphire does not possess cleavage though it can have uneven fracture. They do come with minor inclusions like tiny slender rutile needles. These inclusions reduce the transparency of the stone and are referred to as silk. In certain situation, these inclusions can also exhibit asterism and sapphire which reveal asterism are known as ‘star sapphire’. Star sapphire may come in six ray star and even twelve ray stars and they are highly valued. Rarely, though, sapphires can also exhibit a cat’s eye effect known as the chatoyancy.
Healing Properties of Sapphire
Sapphire is widely regarded as the ‘wisdom stone’. In addition, it is also the stone of royalty and prophecy. Sapphire is known to bring protection, promote good health, good fortune and gain spiritual insight. It released the wearer from mental tension, negative thoughts, depression and confusion. It helps the wearer enhance their focus, stimulate their mind and also helps in finding the truth. It expands the wearer’s ability to judge the truth and in understanding of the self. Sapphire is basically a stone that promotes positivity and motivation in life.
Apart from its spiritual and emotional powers, Sapphire is also endowed with the power to heal certain physical ailments. For centuries it has been used to help treat eye infections and improve eyesight. It is also an excellent stone to treat nosebleeds, thyroid problems, rheumatism, ulcers, headaches, fever, dementia and various types of ear problems. Sapphire is also known to treat people suffering from insomnia. They can be worn as earrings, pendants, rings, bracelets, necklaces, engagement rings, eternity rings
The Collection of Sapphire at AG & Sons
As a stone blessed with many beneficial attributes, sapphire has already won and is still winning the hearts of many. No other gemstone, perhaps stands as close to sapphire’s dramatic and captivating beauty. The colour itself is enough to lure us. AG & Sons deals with a wide array of jewelries in sapphire gemstone like earrings, pendants, necklaces and bracelets.
In addition, we also cater to specially designed engagement rings, eternity rings and bridal set rings
. We are a one stop destination for all your jewellery needs.